Orthodontic Localization of Impacted Canines: Review of the Cutting-edge Evidence in Diagnosis and Treatment Planning Based on 3D CBCT Images

Turk J Orthod. 2023 Dec 29;36(4):261-269. doi: 10.4274/TurkJOrthod.2023.2022.131.


A thorough clinical and radiographical assessment of an impacted maxillary canine's location forms the basis for proper diagnosis and successful treatment outcomes. Implementing a correct biomechanical approach for directing force application primarily relies on its precise localization. Poor biomechanical planning can resorb the roots of adjacent teeth and result in poor periodontal outcomes of the canine that has been disimpacted. Furthermore, treatment success and time strongly rely on an accurate assessment of the severity of impaction, which depends on its 3D spatial location. The evolution of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) radiographs provides more detailed information regarding the location of the impacted canines. In addition, the literature has shown that CBCT imaging has enhanced the quality of diagnosis and treatment planning by obtaining a more precise localization of impacted canines. This review article highlights current evidence regarding comprehensive evaluation of three-dimensional orientations of impacted canines on CBCT images for precise diagnosis and treatment planning.

Keywords: 3D localization; CBCT; Impacted canines.