Novel compound heterozygous MYO15A splicing variants in autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss

BMC Med Genomics. 2024 Jan 2;17(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s12920-023-01777-4.


Background: Hereditary hearing loss is a highly heterogeneous disorder. This study aimed to identify the genetic cause of a Chinese family with autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (ARNSHL).

Methods: Clinical information and peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and its parents. Two-step high-throughput next-generation sequencing on the Ion Torrent platform was applied to detect variants as follows. First, long-range PCR was performed to amplify all the regions of the GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and MT-RNR1 genes, followed by next-generation sequencing. If no candidate pathogenetic variants were found, the targeted exon sequencing with AmpliSeq technology was employed to examine another 64 deafness-associated genes. Sanger sequencing was used to identify variants and the lineage co-segregation. The splicing of the MYO15A gene was assessed by in silico bioinformatics prediction and minigene assays.

Results: Two candidate MYO15A gene (OMIM, #602,666) heterozygous splicing variants, NG_011634.2 (NM_016239.3): c.6177 + 1G > T and c.9690 + 1G > A, were identified in the proband, and these two variants were both annotated as pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines. Further bioinformatic analysis predicted that the c.6177 + 1G > T variant might cause exon skipping and that the c.9690 + 1G > A variant might activate a cryptic splicing donor site in the downstream intronic region. An in vitro minigene assay confirmed the above predictions.

Conclusions: We identified a compound heterozygous splicing variant in the MYO15A gene in a Han Chinese family with ARNSHL. Our results broaden the spectrum of MYO15A variants, potentially benefiting the early diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of the disease.

Keywords: Genotype; MYO15A; Non-syndromic hearing loss; Splicing variant.

MeSH terms

  • Deafness* / genetics
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Myosins / genetics
  • Pedigree


  • Myosins
  • MYO15A protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Nonsyndromic Deafness