In-vivo repeatability of three intra-oral spectrophotometers

J Esthet Restor Dent. 2024 Mar;36(3):520-526. doi: 10.1111/jerd.13182. Epub 2024 Jan 3.


Objective: The objective was to assess the repeatability of three spectrophotometers, based on the CIELCh factors and shadeguide reference measurements.

Materials and methods: Color analysis was performed using three devices: Rayplicker, Easyshade 4, and Easyshade V. Five repeated measures were performed by the same operator, on the right central maxillary incisor of 30 patients. The CIELCh factors were retrieved and the intra-class correlation was calculated. The Vita Classical and Vita 3D Master shadeguides were used to evaluate the respective Fleiss' Kappa factors.

Results: Rayplicker and Easyshade V demonstrated strong intra-class correlation based on the CIELCh factors: 0.98, 0.99, and 0.91 for Rayplicker, and 0.95, 0.99, and 0.93 for Easyshade V, for the L*, C*, and h* parameters, respectively. Regarding the repeatability of the shadeguide data, while Easyshade 4 had the best repeatability when using the Vita Classical as a reference, Rayplicker and Easyshade V showed better repeatability when using the Vita 3D Master.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that both Rayplicker and Easyshade V are reliable devices for measuring CIELCh parameters. In terms of shadeguide references, the reliability of spectrophotometers is generally lower compared to the CIELCh measurements.

Clinical significance: Given their good repeatability, both the Rayplicker and the Easyshade V spectrophotometers are reliable tools for prosthetic dental practices.

Keywords: L* C* h*; Rayplicker; repeatability; shade analysis; spectrophotometer.

MeSH terms

  • Color
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Coloring*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Tooth*