Application of artificial intelligence in oculoplastics

Clin Dermatol. 2024 Jan 4:S0738-081X(23)00271-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2023.12.019. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Oculoplastics is a subspecialty of ophthalmology/dermatology concerned with eyelid, orbital, and lacrimal diseases. Artificial intelligence (AI), with its powerful ability to analyze large data sets, has dramatically benefited oculoplastics. The cutting-edge AI technology is widely applied to extract ocular parameters and to use these results for further assessment, such as screening and diagnosis of blepharoptosis and predicting the progression of thyroid eye disease. AI also assists in treatment procedures, such as surgical strategy planning in blepharoptosis. High efficiency and high reliability are the most apparent advantages of AI, with promising prospects. The possibilities of AI in oculoplastics may lie in three-dimensional modeling technology and image generation. We retrospectively summarize AI applications involving eyelid, orbital, and lacrimal diseases in oculoplastics, and we also examine the strengths and weaknesses of AI technology in oculoplastics.