The longitudinal arch. A survey of eight hundred and eighty-two feet in normal children and adults

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Mar;69(3):426-8.


Both feet of 441 normal subjects, who ranged in age from one to eighty years, were studied to document the configuration of the longitudinal arch. The findings showed that flat feet are usual in infants, common in children, and within the normal range of the observations made in adult feet. Documentation and observation is the recommended management of the flexible flat foot that falls within the normal range.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dermatoglyphics
  • Female
  • Foot / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values