Gait patterns in spastic hemiplegia in children and young adults

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1987 Mar;69(3):437-41.


Four homogeneous patterns of gait were defined in forty-six patients who had spastic hemiplegia secondary to cerebral palsy or other neurological disorders by analyzing kinematic data in the sagittal plane and electromyographic data. In Group I (twenty patients) the primary abnormality was a drop foot in the swing phase. The thirteen patients in Group II had a tight heel cord in the stance phase as well as a drop foot in the swing phase. The five patients in Group III also had more proximal involvement (that is, restricted motion of the knee) as well as an equinus deformity of the ankle. In Group IV, the eight patients had, in addition, restricted motion of the hip.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Gait*
  • Hemiplegia / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Spasticity / physiopathology
  • Telemetry