Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive anatomical appraisal of the neurosurgical anatomy exposed through the endonasal and paranasal sinuses routes, focusing on the most common expanded endonasal approaches (EEAs) as well as recent advances in this surgical field.
Recent findings: The EEAs are redefining the management of skull base pathology. Neurovascular structures previously considered a limitation, can be now approached through these surgical corridors. Advances in this field include the development of new surgical techniques and routes that allow better visualization and access to pathologies located in the ventral skull base. Understanding the surgical anatomy related to EEAs is essential not only for neurosurgeons but also for rhinologists.
Summary: Knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the most common EEAs that utilize paranasal sinuses as a surgical corridor enables more effective management of complex skull base pathologies. Comprehensive anatomical knowledge of these corridors and the surrounding neurovascular structures is crucial to maximize benefits of EEAs and improve outcomes.
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