A previously unidentified sugar transporter for engineering of high-yield Streptomyces

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2024 Dec;108(1):72. doi: 10.1007/s00253-023-12964-9. Epub 2024 Jan 9.


Sugar transporters have significant contributions to regulate metabolic flux towards products and they are general potential targets for engineering of high-yield microbial cell factories. Streptomyces, well-known producers of natural product pharmaceuticals, contain an abundance of sugar transporters, while few of them are well characterized and applied. Here, we report a previously unidentified ATP-binding cassette (ABC) sugar transporter TP6568 found within a Streptomyces avermitilis transposon library, along with its key regulator GM006564. Subsequent in silico molecular docking and genetic experiments demonstrated that TP6568 possessed a broad substrate specificity. It could not only promote uptake of diverse monosaccharides and disaccharides, but also enhance the utilization of industrial carbon sources such as starch, sucrose, and dextrin. Constitutive overexpression of TP6568 resulted in decrease of residual total sugar by 36.16%, 39.04%, 38.40%, and 30.21% in engineered S. avermitilis S0, Streptomyces caniferus NEAU6, Streptomyces bingchenggensis BC-101-4, and Streptomyces roseosporus NRRL 11379 than their individual parent strain, respectively. Production of avermectin B1a, guvermectin, and milbemycin A3/A4 increased by 75.61%, 56.89%, and 41.13%, respectively. We then overexpressed TP6568 in combination with the regulator GM006564 in a high-yield strain S. avermitilis S45, and further fine-tuning of their overexpression levels boosted production of avermectin B1a by 50.97% to 7.02 g/L in the engineering strain. Our work demonstrates that TP6568 as a promising sugar transporter may have broad applications in construction of high-yield Streptomyces microbial cell factories for desirable natural product pharmaceuticals. KEY POINTS: • TP6568 from Streptomyces avermitilis was identified as a sugar transporter • TP6568 enhanced utilization of diverse industrially used sugars in Streptomyces • TP6568 is a useful transporter to construct high-yield Streptomyces cell factories.

Keywords: Strain engineering; Streptomyces; Sugar transporter; Titer improvement; Transporter engineering.

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • Biological Products*
  • Disaccharides
  • Molecular Docking Simulation
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Streptomyces* / genetics


  • avermectin
  • guvermectin
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Biological Products
  • Disaccharides
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations

Supplementary concepts

  • Streptomyces avermitilis