Impact of Clinical Examination and Gamma Knife Surgery in Stage IV Breast Cancer With Brain Metastasis

Cureus. 2024 Jan 8;16(1):e51831. doi: 10.7759/cureus.51831. eCollection 2024 Jan.

Abstract

Metastatic breast cancer often presents with significant diagnostic and treatment challenges. This case report highlights the crucial role of thorough clinical examination and history-taking in diagnosing and managing a patient with metastatic breast cancer, mainly focusing on the successful integration of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS). We present a case of a 68-year-old postmenopausal woman with metastatic breast cancer, initially presenting with a primary tumour in the left breast and later developing a solitary brain metastasis (BM) in the left temporal lobe. Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and left mastectomy, the patient experienced involuntary movements in the right arm, leading to the discovery of the brain lesion. Critical to this diagnosis was a detailed clinical examination emphasising the importance of vigilant monitoring in cancer management. The patient underwent GKRS, offering a focused and less invasive treatment approach with favourable outcomes. This case underscores the value of clinical vigilance in managing complex breast cancer cases. The integration of GKRS as a targeted treatment modality for BM represents a pivotal aspect of modern oncological care, especially for patients with multiple treatment modalities. This report emphasizes the importance of clinical examination in the early detection of complications such as BM in breast cancer patients. Furthermore, it demonstrates the effectiveness of GKRS in managing such metastases, reinforcing its role as a valuable tool in the multidisciplinary treatment approach for advanced breast cancer.

Keywords: brain metastasis; clinical examination; gamma knife radiosurgery; multidisciplinary treatment; stage iv breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Case Reports