Genetic variation in DNA damage response pathway and response to Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin in pediatric AML: a report from the Children's Oncology Group

Clin Cancer Res. 2024 Jan 10:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-23-2073. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-23-2073. Online ahead of print.


Purpose: Comprehensive pharmacogenomics (PGx) evaluation of calicheamicin-pathway to identify predictive PGx markers of response to gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) treatment in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Patients and methods: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA-damage response (DDR) pathway genes were tested for association with event-free survival (EFS), overall-survival (OS), risk of relapse after induction 1 (RR1) in patients treated with standard chemotherapy consisting of Ara-C, Daunorubicin and Etoposide (ADE) with or without addition of GO on COG-AAML03P1 and COG-AAAML0531 trials (ADE+GO, n=755; ADE n=470). SNPs with significant association with any endpoint within ADE+GO arm but not in the ADE arm were tested using multi-SNP modeling to develop DDR_PGx7 Score.

Results: Patients with low-DDR_PGx7 score (<0) had significantly worse EFS (HR=1.51, 95%CI (1.21-1.89), P<0.001), worse OS (HR=1.59, 95%CI (1.22-2.08), P<0.001), and higher RR1 (HR=1.87, 95%CI(1.41-2.47), P<0.0001) compared to patients with high-DDR_PGx7 score (≥0) when treated with GO (ADE+GO cohort). However, no difference between low and high DDR_PGx7 score groups was observed for EFS, OS, and RR1 (all P>0.3) in patients treated on ADE arm.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that DDR pathway-based pharmacogenomic score holds potential to predict outcome in patients treated with GO which consists of DNA damaging cytotoxin, calicheamicin. The potential clinical relevance for this score to personalize GO in AML requires further validation in independent and expanded cohorts.