Genetically engineered mouse model of pleomorphic liposarcoma: Immunophenotyping and histologic characterization

Neoplasia. 2024 Feb:48:100956. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2023.100956. Epub 2024 Jan 10.


Introduction: Pleomorphic liposarcoma is a rare and aggressive subset of soft-tissue sarcomas with a high mortality burden. Local treatment largely consists of radiation therapy and wide surgical resection, but options for systemic therapy in the setting of metastatic disease are limited and largely ineffective, prompting exploration of novel therapeutic strategies and experimental models. As with other cancers, sarcoma cell lines and patient-derived xenograft models have been developed and used to characterize these tumors and identify therapeutic targets, but these models have inherent limitations. The establishment of genetically engineered mouse models represents a more realistic framework for reproducing clinically relevant conditions for studying pleomorphic liposarcoma.

Methods: Trp53fl/fl/Rb1fl/fl/Ptenfl/fl (RPP) mice were used to reliably generate an immunocompetent model of mouse pleomorphic liposarcoma through Cre-mediated conditional silencing of the Trp53, Rb1, and Pten tumor suppressor genes. Evaluation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was assessed with immunostaining for CD4, CD8, and PD-L1, and flow cytometry with analysis of CD45, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, F4/80, CD11b, and NKp46 sub-populations.

Results: Mice reliably produced noticeable soft-tissue tumors in approximately 6 weeks with rapid tumor growth between 100 and 150 days of life, after which mice reached euthanasia criteria. Histologic features were consistent with pleomorphic liposarcoma, including widespread pleomorphic lipoblasts. Immunoprofiling and assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was consistent with other soft-tissue sarcomas.

Conclusion: Genetically engineered RPP mice reliably produced soft-tissue tumors consistent with pleomorphic liposarcoma, which immunological findings similar to other soft-tissue sarcomas. This model may demonstrate utility in testing treatments for this rare disease, including immunomodulatory therapies.

Keywords: Genetically engineered mouse model; Liposarcoma; Mouse model; Pleomorphic liposarcoma; Sarcoma; Soft-tissue sarcoma.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Liposarcoma* / genetics
  • Liposarcoma* / pathology
  • Mice
  • Sarcoma* / genetics
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms* / therapy