Teledermatology in Atopic Dermatitis: A Systematic Review

J Cutan Med Surg. 2024 Mar-Apr;28(2):153-157. doi: 10.1177/12034754231223694. Epub 2024 Jan 11.


Telemedicine use has been increasing especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Various studies have outlined benefits of telemedicine including improving health equity, reducing wait times, and cost-effectiveness. Skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD) may potentially be managed via telemedicine. However, there are no evidence-based recommendations for best practices in telemedicine for assessing AD patients. The objective of this review is to assess and summarize current evidence on telemedicine modalities for AD. This review will assess patient outcomes from various telemedicine models for AD. A review protocol was developed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Two reviewers independently screened potential studies and extracted data. Studies were included if they evaluated any telemedicine assessment for AD. Of 2719 identified records, 5 reports were included. Two reports used the direct-access online model, 1 used web-based consultation, 1 used e-health through a personal eczema portal, and 1 used an online platform and mobile application. All models were variations of the asynchronous, store and forward model. In all the included reports, teledermatology for the follow-up of patients with AD was effective and equivalent when compared to in-person appointments or standard treatment for their respective key outcome measures. However, it is unclear what the most effective teledermatology model is due to significant heterogeneity between studies. Teledermatology may serve as an important tool for triaging and follow-up of patients with AD. More studies are needed to determine which teledermatology models are most effective for virtual assessment of AD.

Keywords: atopic dermatitis; dermatitis; eczema; teledermatology; telemedicine.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / diagnosis
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / therapy
  • Dermatology* / methods
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Skin Diseases*
  • Telemedicine* / methods