Echocardiography versus Cardiac MRI for Measurement of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in Individuals with Cancer and Suspected Cardiotoxicity

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging. 2024 Feb;6(1):e230048. doi: 10.1148/ryct.230048.


Purpose To compare left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured with echocardiography and cardiac MRI in individuals with cancer and suspected cardiotoxicity and assess the potential effect on downstream clinical decision-making. Materials and Methods In this prospective, single-center observational cohort study, participants underwent same-day two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography and cardiac MRI between 2011 and 2021. Participants with suboptimal image quality were excluded. A subset of 74 participants also underwent three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. The agreement of LVEF derived from each modality was assessed using Bland-Altman analysis and at relevant thresholds for cardiotoxicity. Results A total of 745 participants (mean age, 60 years ± 5 [SD]; 460 [61.7%] female participants) underwent same-day echocardiography and cardiac MRI. According to Bland-Altman analysis, the mean bias was -3.7% ± 7.6 (95% limits of agreement [LOA]: -18.5% to 11.1%) for 2D echocardiography versus cardiac MRI. In 74 participants who underwent cardiac MRI, 3D echocardiography, and 2D echocardiography, the mean LVEFs were 60.0% ± 10.4, 58.4% ± 9.4, and 57.2% ± 8.9, respectively (P < .001). At the 50% LVEF threshold for detection of cardiotoxicity, there was disagreement for 9.3% of participants with 2D echocardiography and cardiac MRI. Agreement was better with 3D echocardiography and cardiac MRI (mean bias, -1.6% ± 6.3 [95% LOA: -13.9% to 10.7%]) compared with 2D echocardiography and cardiac MRI (mean bias, -2.8% ± 6.3 [95% LOA: -15.2% to 9.6%]; P = .016). Conclusion Two-dimensional echocardiography had variations of ±15% for LVEF measurement compared with cardiac MRI in participants with cancer and led to misclassification of approximately 10% of participants for cardiotoxicity detection. Three-dimensional echocardiography had better agreement with cardiac MRI and should be used as first-line imaging. Keywords: Echocardiography, MR Functional Imaging, Cardiac Supplemental material is available for this article. © RSNA, 2024.

Keywords: Cardiac; Echocardiography; MR Functional Imaging.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Cardiotoxicity / diagnostic imaging
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume
  • Ventricular Function, Left*