Ultrasound-enhanced nano catalyst with ferroptosis-apoptosis combined anticancer strategy for metastatic uveal melanoma

Biomaterials. 2024 Mar:305:122458. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2023.122458. Epub 2023 Dec 30.

Abstract

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary ocular tumor owing to its highly invasive and metastatic characteristics. Currently, standard clinical treatment has an unsatisfied curative effect due to the lack of an effective approach to inhibit the tumor metastasis. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new strategy that can both restraint local tumors and suppress the ocular tumor metastasis. Herein, we developed ultrasound-responsive nanoparticles (FeP NPs) that can both hinder the growth of in situ ocular tumor and prevent the tumor metastasis through the ferroptosis-apoptosis combined-anticancer strategy. The FeP NPs were assembling by stimulating gallic acid-Fe (III) and paclitaxel, then could be internalized into tumor cells under the cooperative effect of ultrasound, which further activates the intracellular Fenton reaction and generates high reactive oxygen species levels, ultimately leading to mitochondrial damage, lipid per-oxidation, and apoptosis. The FeP NPs can efficiently inhibit the tumor growth in an orthotopic uveal melanoma model. More importantly, the level of the promoting-metastatic factor nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) secreted by cancer cells is significantly reduced, further limits cancer metastasis to the cervical lymph node and finally inhibits lung metastasis of uveal melanoma. We believe that these designed ultrasound-enhanced nanoparticles possess potential clinical application for preventing the regeneration and metastasis of uveal melanoma.

Keywords: Ferroptosis; Nanoparticles; Tumor Metastasis; Ultrasound-responsive; Uveal melanoma.

MeSH terms

  • Ferroptosis*
  • Humans
  • Melanoma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Melanoma* / drug therapy
  • Melanoma* / metabolism
  • Ultrasonography
  • Uveal Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Uveal Neoplasms* / metabolism
  • Uveal Neoplasms* / pathology

Supplementary concepts

  • Uveal melanoma