Spin-torque-driven antiferromagnetic resonance

Sci Adv. 2024 Jan 12;10(2):eadk7935. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.adk7935. Epub 2024 Jan 12.


The intrinsic fast dynamics make antiferromagnetic spintronics a promising avenue for faster data processing. Ultrafast antiferromagnetic resonance-generated spin current provides valuable access to antiferromagnetic spin dynamics. However, the inverse effect, spin-torque-driven antiferromagnetic resonance (ST-AFMR), which is attractive for practical utilization of fast devices but seriously impeded by difficulties in controlling and detecting Néel vectors, remains elusive. We observe ST-AFMR in Y3Fe5O12/α-Fe2O3/Pt at room temperature. The Néel vector oscillates and contributes to voltage signal owing to antiferromagnetic negative spin Hall magnetoresistance-induced spin rectification effect, which has the opposite sign to ferromagnets. The Néel vector in antiferromagnetic α-Fe2O3 is strongly coupled to the magnetization in Y3Fe5O12 buffer, resulting in the convenient control of Néel vectors. ST-AFMR experiment is bolstered by micromagnetic simulations, where both the Néel vector and the canted moment of α-Fe2O3 are in elliptic resonance. These findings shed light on the spin current-induced dynamics in antiferromagnets and represent a step toward electrically controlled antiferromagnetic terahertz emitters.