Isolation, identification and characterization of Aeromonas jandaei from diseased Chinese soft-shell turtles

J Fish Dis. 2024 Apr;47(4):e13919. doi: 10.1111/jfd.13919. Epub 2024 Jan 13.


Aeromonas jandaei is a gram-negative bacterium commonly found in aquatic environments and can induce illnesses in amphibians, reptiles and aquatic animals. In this study, a strain of bacteria was isolated from the diseased Chinese soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis), then named strain JDP-FX. This isolate was identified as A. jandaei after analysis of morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics, as well as 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequences. Virulence genetic testing further detected temperature-sensitive protease (eprCAI), type III secretion system (TTSS) (ascv), nuclease (nuc), cytotonic enterotoxin (alt) and serine proteinase (ser) in JDP-FX. Compared with healthy Chinese soft-shell turtle, the serum levels of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB) and globulin (GLB) were significantly decreased in the diseased Chinese soft-shell turtle, while, the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were significantly increased. Histopathological observations showed that multiple tissues, including intestinal mucosa, liver and kidney, were severely damaged in the diseased Chinese soft-shell turtle. Moreover, the diseased Chinese soft-shell turtle had significant cell degeneration, necrosis, sloughing and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration. The pathogenicity of JDP-FX was tested via artificial infection. The median lethal dosage (LD50 ) of the strain was 1.05 × 105 colony forming units (CFU/g) per weight of Chinese soft-shell turtle. Drug susceptibility analysis revealed that JDP-FX was susceptible to ceftazidime, minocycline, cefoperazone, ceftriaxone and piperacillin. In addition, JDP-FX was resistant to doxycycline, florfenicol, sulfonamides, gentamicin, ampicillin and neomycin. Therefore, this study may provide guidance for further research into the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of JDP-FX infection.

Keywords: Aeromonas jandaei; Pelodiscus sinensis; Chinese soft-shell turtle; histopathology; medicine sensitivity.

MeSH terms

  • Aeromonas*
  • Animals
  • China
  • Fish Diseases*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / metabolism
  • Turtles* / genetics
  • Turtles* / metabolism


  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Supplementary concepts

  • Aeromonas jandaei