Advancing mouse models for transplantation research

Am J Transplant. 2024 Jan 12:S1600-6135(24)00071-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajt.2024.01.006. Online ahead of print.


Mouse models have been instrumental in understanding mechanisms of transplant rejection and tolerance, but cross-study reproducibility and translation of experimental findings into effective clinical therapies are issues of concern. The Mouse Models in Transplantation symposium gathered scientists and physician-scientists involved in basic and clinical research in transplantation to discuss the strengths and limitations of mouse transplant models and strategies to enhance their utility. Participants recognized that increased procedure standardization, including the use of prespecified, defined endpoints, and statistical power analyses, would benefit the field. They also discussed the generation of new models that incorporate environmental and genetic variables affecting clinical outcomes as potentially important. If implemented, these strategies are expected to improve the reproducibility of mouse studies and increase their translation to clinical trials and, ideally, new Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs.

Keywords: heart; kidney; lung; mechanistic; mouse model; pancreas; renal; transplant.