Valley-centre tandem perovskite light-emitting diodes

Nat Nanotechnol. 2024 Jan 16. doi: 10.1038/s41565-023-01581-2. Online ahead of print.


Perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) have emerged as a promising new light source for displays. The development roadmap for commercializing PeLEDs should include a tandem device structure, specifically by stacking a thin nanocrystal PeLED unit and an organic light-emitting diode unit, which can achieve a vivid and efficient tandem display; however, simply combining light-emitting diodes with different characteristics does not guarantee both narrowband emission and high efficiency, as it may cause a broadened electroluminescence spectra and a charge imbalance. Here, by conducting optical simulations of the hybrid tandem (h-tandem) PeLED, we have discovered a crucial optical microcavity structure known as the h-tandem valley, which enables the h-tandem PeLED to emit light with a narrow bandwidth. Specifically, the centre structure of the h-tandem valley (we call it valley-centre tandem) demonstrates near-perfect charge balance and optimal microcavity effects. As a result, the h-tandem PeLED achieves a high external quantum efficiency of 37.0% and high colour purity with a narrow full-width at half-maximum of 27.3 nm (versus 64.5 nm in organic light-emitting diodes) along with a fast on-off response. These findings offer a new strategy to overcome the limitations of nanocrystal-based PeLEDs, providing valuable optical and electrical guidelines for integrating different types of light-emitting device into practical display applications.