Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Plastic Surgery

Eplasty. 2023 Dec 11:23:e78. eCollection 2023.


Background: In 2011, the American Society of Plastic Surgery (ASPS) formed the Venous Thromboembolism Task Force Report, which encouraged the use of the 2005 Caprini score and was amended in 2013. Still, there have been several studies that have questioned the validity of the Caprini score. As a result, the goal of this study is to present our experience with chemoprophylaxis in cosmetic patients compared with the current recommendations for venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis endorsed by the ASPS.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in all patients operated on by a single surgeon from 2006 to 2016. Exclusion criteria were surgery length >6 hours, patients with known hypercoagulable states, or a personal history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)/pulmonary embolism (PE). Demographic data were collected and analyzed.

Results: There were 1272 patients from a single institution who met the inclusion criteria. We determined that 71% of patient VTE scores were in the high to highest risk categories (n = 657), median age was 46 years, 79% of the population was Caucasian, 35% of patients had a body mass index of overweight or obese, and the average length of stay was 1 day. The rate of VTE in our patient population was found to be 0.08% (1 patient), which was uncomplicated and resolved with conservative therapy.

Conclusions: This retrospective study found no significant difference in the incidence of VTE by providing chemophrophylaxis to patients without utilizing a scoring system. Our study suggests that the Caprini Scoring system might not be optimal in predicting VTE in patients undergoing aesthetic surgery.

Keywords: Chemoprophylaxis; Deep Venous Thrombosis; Plastic Surgery.