Prior-Guided Adversarial Learning With Hypergraph for Predicting Abnormal Connections in Alzheimer's Disease

IEEE Trans Cybern. 2024 Jun;54(6):3652-3665. doi: 10.1109/TCYB.2023.3344641. Epub 2024 May 30.

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by alterations of the brain's structural and functional connectivity during its progressive degenerative processes. Existing auxiliary diagnostic methods have accomplished the classification task, but few of them can accurately evaluate the changing characteristics of brain connectivity. In this work, a prior-guided adversarial learning with hypergraph (PALH) model is proposed to predict abnormal brain connections using triple-modality medical images. Concretely, a prior distribution from anatomical knowledge is estimated to guide multimodal representation learning using an adversarial strategy. Also, the pairwise collaborative discriminator structure is further utilized to narrow the difference in representation distribution. Moreover, the hypergraph perceptual network is developed to effectively fuse the learned representations while establishing high-order relations within and between multimodal images. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms other related methods in analyzing and predicting AD progression. More importantly, the identified abnormal connections are partly consistent with previous neuroscience discoveries. The proposed model can evaluate the characteristics of abnormal brain connections at different stages of AD, which is helpful for cognitive disease study and early treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Algorithms
  • Alzheimer Disease* / diagnostic imaging
  • Alzheimer Disease* / physiopathology
  • Brain* / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Machine Learning
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Neural Networks, Computer