Texaco mortality study: III. A cohort study of producing and pipeline workers

Am J Ind Med. 1987;11(2):189-202. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700110208.


While there have been numerous epidemiology studies of refinery workers, no studies have been done on producing and pipeline workers. This is a retrospective follow-up study of all persons who were employed for at least 6 months at a Texaco producing or pipeline location and who worked at some time during the period 1946-1980. Of the 11,098 white men in the cohort, 8,964 were alive, 1,886 were known to be dead, and the vital status of the remaining 248 as of December 31, 1980 was unknown. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 63 for all causes was significantly low, on the basis of 2,976 expected deaths. Statistically significant deficits also were seen for all major causes of death. Mortality patterns were also examined for the major job categories in these departments. Similar patterns of mortality were seen, although there was a significant excess of thyroid cancer in those employed as pumper-gaugers. However, it was based on only four cases.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Industry*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mortality*
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality
  • Petroleum* / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Texas
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / mortality


  • Petroleum