Semiconductor manufacturing: an introduction to processes and hazards

Am J Ind Med. 1987;11(2):203-21. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700110209.


Recent studies suggest that semiconductor workers have an increased incidence of work-related illness. Semiconductor manufacturing is a chemically intensive industry involving many potentially hazardous operations. As this industry moves into new geographic areas, health care professionals will be asked to evaluate medical or workplace conditions associated with unfamiliar and complex production processes. This paper provides an overview of semiconductor manufacturing processes for these health practitioners. Each step of device fabrication is detailed with its attendant chemical and physical hazards. Broader concepts of industrial control technology, clean room ventilation, and ergonomics are explained. The hazards are tabulated to allow rapid assessment of the risks inherent to each processing step. References have been chosen to guide the reader to more indepth information.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ergonomics
  • Humans
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Respiratory Protective Devices
  • Semiconductors*
  • Silicon / adverse effects
  • Solvents / adverse effects


  • Solvents
  • Silicon