Predicting Drug-drug Interaction with Graph Mutual Interaction Attention Mechanism

Methods. 2024 Mar:223:16-25. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2024.01.009. Epub 2024 Jan 21.

Abstract

Effective representation of molecules is a crucial step in AI-driven drug design and drug discovery, especially for drug-drug interaction (DDIs) prediction. Previous work usually models the drug information from the drug-related knowledge graph or the single drug molecules, but the interaction information between molecular substructures of drug pair is seldom considered, thus often ignoring the influence of bond information on atom node representation, leading to insufficient drug representation. Moreover, key molecular substructures have significant contribution to the DDIs prediction results. Therefore, in this work, we propose a novel Graph learning framework of Mutual Interaction Attention mechanism (called GMIA) to predict DDIs by effectively representing the drug molecules. Specifically, we build the node-edge message communication encoder to aggregate atom node and the incoming edge information for atom node representation and design the mutual interaction attention decoder to capture the mutual interaction context between molecular graphs of drug pairs. GMIA can bridge the gap between two encoders for the single drug molecules by attention mechanism. We also design a co-attention matrix to analyze the significance of different-size substructures obtained from the encoder-decoder layer and provide interpretability. In comparison with other recent state-of-the-art methods, our GMIA achieves the best results in terms of area under the precision-recall-curve (AUPR), area under the ROC curve (AUC), and F1 score on two different scale datasets. The case study indicates that our GMIA can detect the key substructure for potential DDIs, demonstrating the enhanced performance and interpretation ability of GMIA.

Keywords: Drug representation; Drug-drug interaction; Graph attention mechanism; Mutual interaction; Node-edge message communication.

MeSH terms

  • Area Under Curve
  • Drug Design*
  • Drug Discovery*
  • Drug Interactions