The migration of amacrine neuroblasts toward the prospective amacrine cell layer in the chick embryo retina has been studied, in Golgi-stained sections, between days 5 and 9 of embryogenesis. Two distinct populations of presumptive amacrine neuroblasts have been identified on the basis of their shape and migratory behavior. One population (smooth amacrine neuroblasts) display smooth, monopolar or bipolar contours, moving freely across the retina without major changes in the original postmitotic shape, and give processes only after reaching the primitive inner plexiform layer. The second population (multipodial amacrine neuroblasts) includes multipolar neuroblasts with abundant filiform and/or lamelliform processes sprouting in various directions; these highly plastic cells begin modifying their shapes at the time of release from the ventricular lining and continue to do so as they move toward their definitive location. Thus, the well-known heterogeneity of adult amacrine cells seems to be preluded by differences in neuroblastic migratory patterns, suggesting the existence of at least two different subsets of amacrine cell precursors.