Patient-Centered Clinical Decision Support-Where Are We and Where to Next?

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2024 Jan 25:310:444-448. doi: 10.3233/SHTI231004.


Patient-centered clinical decision support (PC CDS) includes digital health tools that support patients, caregivers, and care teams in healthcare decisions that incorporate patient-centered factors related to four components: knowledge, data, delivery, and use. This paper explores the current state of each factor and how each promotes patient-centeredness in healthcare. We conducted a literature review, reviewing 175 peer-reviewed and grey literature, and eighteen key informant interviews. Findings show a need for more research on how to incorporate patient input into the guideline selection and prioritization for PC CDS, development and implementation of PC CDS tools, technical challenges for capturing patient contributed data, and optimizing PC CDS across various settings to meet patient and caregiver needs. While progress is being made in each of the four components of PC CDS, critical gaps remain.

Keywords: clinical decision support; patient-centered outcomes; patient-contributed data.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical*
  • Digital Health
  • Expert Systems
  • Health Facilities
  • Humans
  • Patient-Centered Care