Aerosol Transmission of Norovirus

Viruses. 2024 Jan 19;16(1):151. doi: 10.3390/v16010151.


Norovirus (NoV) is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. A comprehensive understanding of the transmission mode is of great significance for the prevention and control of the NoV infection. Currently, the transmission modes of NoV include contact, food-borne, water-borne and aerosol transmission. The first three modes are more common, while aerosol transmission is seldom reported. In this paper, the source, generation mechanism, infectivity, sampling and related outbreaks of NoV aerosol are summarized and discussed.

Keywords: acute gastroenteritis; aerosol; norovirus; transmission.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Caliciviridae Infections*
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Gastroenteritis*
  • Humans
  • Norovirus*