Real-World Depression Screening Practices Among Primary Care Providers Across Patient-Level and Provider-Level Characteristics

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2024 Jan 27:99228231223782. doi: 10.1177/00099228231223782. Online ahead of print.


This study examined primary care provider (PCP) alignment with guideline-based care for adolescent depression screening and identified factors associated with post-screening responses. A retrospective chart review was conducted across 17 primary care clinics. Logistical regressions were estimated across provider specialties, sociodemographic factors, and patient clinical histories. Significant differences in follow-up and identification of depression were found among patients with more severe depression presentation. Follow-up screening was also more likely to be completed among patients with private insurance and less likely to occur among Black patients. Patients with significant mental health history of a mood concern, history of being prescribed psychotropic medication, were currently on medications at the time of the screening, or had a history of an internal mental health referral had a higher predicted probability of being identified as depressed on the patient problem list.

Keywords: adolescent health/medicine; depression; follow-up; primary care; screening.