Cold was used to suppress the function of subdivisions of the inferotemporal cortex. Three cryodes were placed bilaterally, one over the lower bank of the superior temporal sulcus (sts), one over the middle temporal gyrus (mtg) and one over the inferior temporal gyrus (itg). The animals were tested with delayed match-to-sample (DMS) and simultaneous visual discriminations. The DMS required the animal to recall a projected image of an object over delays of 0, 15, 30 and 45 s. The 3 cryodes were cooled separately during the performance of the DMS and only itg cooling produced a deficit. This was compared to the effects of ablative bilateral lesions; damage to itg but not mtg disrupted performance of DMS. The greatest deficit was in an animal with a small lesion in the ventral pole and anterior extreme of itg. Cooling individual cryodes was without effect on a discrimination between horizontal and vertical stripes, but produced a significant deficit from each of the 3 placements on a discrimination between monkey faces. Chance performance on all visual discriminations resulted from cooling all cryodes. Unilateral cooling of all cryodes produced significant effects on the face discrimination, but there was no significant difference between the two sides in the severity of the deficit.