High altitude respiration of birds. The primary structures of the major and minor hemoglobin component of adult European black vulture (Aegypius monachus, Aegypiinae)

Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1987 Jan;368(1):11-8. doi: 10.1515/bchm3.1987.368.1.11.


The primary structures of the hemoglobin components Hb A and Hb D of the European Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) are presented. The globin chains were separated on CM-Cellulose in 8M urea buffer. The amino-acid sequences were established by automatic Edman degradation of the globin chains and the tryptic peptides in liquid phase and gas-phase sequenators. The sequences are compared with those of the Golden Eagle, and with those of the Andean Condor, a New World vulture. The possible evolutionary significance of the alpha D-chains is considered. This paper serves as a reference study for high-altitude respiration of Falconiformes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Birds / blood*
  • Globins
  • Hemoglobin A
  • Hemoglobins*
  • Hemoglobins, Abnormal
  • Phylogeny
  • Species Specificity


  • Hemoglobins
  • Hemoglobins, Abnormal
  • hemoglobin D
  • Globins
  • Hemoglobin A