Lidocaine 0.5 per cent in a dose of 2 mg X kg-1 was used for intravenous regional analgesia with the tourniquet cuff placed over the forearm. The level of tourniquet cuff pressure employed was the arterial "occlusion pressure" plus 50 mmHg. In 48 normotensive patients successful analgesia was achieved; in seven hypertensive patients, four were pain-free, but the other three required more lidocaine to achieve adequate analgesia. No toxic symptoms and signs were observed. Measurement of serum lidocaine concentrations in 12 patients confirmed the safety of the technique, although small leakage of lidocaine past the inflated forearm tourniquet was detected in some patients.