Pneumonia associated with acute rheumatic fever

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1987 Apr;26(4):198-200. doi: 10.1177/000992288702600412.


Pulmonary involvement in acute rheumatic fever is rare. Clinical and laboratory findings in rheumatic pneumonia are non-specific. Most of the cases of rheumatic pneumonia described in recent years have had a fulminant course often resulting in death. Autopsy findings are suggestive of but not specific for rheumatic pneumonia. In this article a case of pneumonia associated with acute rheumatic fever is described. Pneumonia and carditis occurred simultaneously in a 10-year-old boy treated without steroids, which resulted in recovery. The clinical spectrum of rheumatic pneumonia can range from mild to fulminant.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myocarditis / etiology
  • Pneumonia / etiology*
  • Rheumatic Fever / complications*