Background: Incarcerated inguinal hernia requires emergency intervention.The incarcerated segment should be thoroughly inspected in order to evaluate the degree of ischemia and decide whether resection is required.The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of TAPP for patients seen in the emergency department for incarcerated inguinal hernias.
Methods: The study was done retrospectively.Patients who presented to the emergency department and were operated with the TAPP technique were included.İn all patients laparoscopic abdominal exploration was done to determine the extent of the incarcerated intestinal segment and evaluate the need for resection.TAPP technique was used to laparoscopically repair the hernia. The demographics of the patients,technique used for the hernia repair,necessity for resection,postoperative mortality and morbidity and recurrence rates were recorded.
Results: 109 patients were seen for incarcerated hernia.12 patients were excluded either because they were not suitable for or did not consent to laparoscopic repair.97 patients had hernia repair with TAPP technique.İn 6 patients spontaneous reduction of the incarcerated segment was observed after anesthesia induction.İn 9 patients necrosis of the incarcerated segment was observed and re-section and anostomosis was performed.7 patients had laparoscopic 2 patients had open resections.Seroma was observed in 7, hema-toma in 3 and wound infection in 2 patients postoperatively.No mortality was seen.1 patient had a recurrence in the follow up period.
Conclusion: TAPP technique is a good alternative for selected patients undergoing emergency hernia repair because it provides the surgeon with the possibility to evaluate the incarcerated intestinal segment thoroughly while preserving the advantages of laparoscopic surgery.