A new look at an old body: molecular determinants of Weibel-Palade body composition and von Willebrand factor exocytosis

J Thromb Haemost. 2024 May;22(5):1290-1303. doi: 10.1016/j.jtha.2024.01.015. Epub 2024 Feb 1.


Endothelial cells, forming a monolayer along blood vessels, intricately regulate vascular hemostasis, inflammatory responses, and angiogenesis. A key determinant of these functions is the controlled secretion of Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), which are specialized endothelial storage organelles housing a presynthesized pool of the hemostatic protein von Willebrand factor and various other hemostatic, inflammatory, angiogenic, and vasoactive mediators. This review delves into recent mechanistic insights into WPB biology, including the biogenesis that results in their unique morphology, the acquisition of intraluminal vesicles and other cargo, and the contribution of proton pumps to organelle acidification. Additionally, in light of a number of proteomic approaches to unravel the regulatory networks that control WPB formation and secretion, we provide a comprehensive overview of the WPB exocytotic machinery, including their molecular and cellular mechanisms.

Keywords: Weibel-Palade bodies; endothelial cells; exocytosis; organelle biogenesis; von Willebrand factor.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endothelial Cells* / metabolism
  • Exocytosis*
  • Hemostasis
  • Humans
  • Proteomics / methods
  • Weibel-Palade Bodies* / metabolism
  • von Willebrand Factor* / metabolism


  • von Willebrand Factor