A Prospective, Observational, Non-interventional Clinical Study of Participants With Choroideremia: The NIGHT Study

Am J Ophthalmol. 2024 Jul:263:35-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2024.01.022. Epub 2024 Feb 3.

Abstract

Purpose: The NIGHT study aimed to assess the natural history of choroideremia (CHM), an X-linked inherited chorioretinal degenerative disease leading to blindness, and determine which outcomes would be the most sensitive for monitoring disease progression.

Design: A prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study.

Methods: Males aged ≥18 years with genetically confirmed CHM, visible active disease within the macular region, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≥34 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters at baseline were assessed for 20 months. The primary outcome was the change in BCVA over time at Months 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20. A range of functional and anatomical secondary outcome measures were assessed up to Month 12, including retinal sensitivity, central ellipsoid zone (EZ) area, and total area of fundus autofluorescence (FAF). Additional ocular assessments for safety were performed.

Results: A total of 220 participants completed the study. The mean BCVA was stable over 20 months. Most participants (81.4% in the worse eye and 77.8% in the better eye) had change from baseline > -5 ETDRS letters at Month 20. Interocular symmetry was low overall. Reductions from baseline to Month 12 were observed (worse eye, better eye) for retinal sensitivity (functional outcome; -0.68 dB, -0.48 dB), central EZ area (anatomical outcome; -0.276 mm2, -0.290 mm2), and total area of FAF (anatomical outcome; -0.605 mm2, -0.533 mm2). No assessment-related serious adverse events occurred.

Conclusions: Retinal sensitivity, central EZ area, and total area of FAF are more sensitive than BCVA in measuring the natural progression of CHM.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Choroideremia* / diagnosis
  • Choroideremia* / physiopathology
  • Disease Progression*
  • Fluorescein Angiography* / methods
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retina / physiopathology
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence*
  • Visual Acuity* / physiology
  • Young Adult