Dapagliflozin in Myocardial Infarction without Diabetes or Heart Failure

NEJM Evid. 2024 Feb;3(2):EVIDoa2300286. doi: 10.1056/EVIDoa2300286. Epub 2023 Nov 11.


BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), therapies that could further reduce the risk of adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes are needed. METHODS: In this international registry-based, randomized, double-blind trial, patients without prior diabetes or chronic heart failure, presenting with acute MI and impaired left ventricular systolic function, were randomly assigned 10 mg of dapagliflozin or placebo, given once daily. The primary outcome was the hierarchical composite of death, hospitalization for heart failure, nonfatal MI, atrial fibrillation/flutter, type 2 diabetes mellitus, New York Heart Association Functional Classification at the last visit, and body weight decrease of 5% or greater at the last visit using the win ratio analysis method. The key secondary outcome was the same hierarchical composite excluding the body weight component. RESULTS: We enrolled 4017 patients of whom 2019 were assigned to dapagliflozin and 1998 to placebo. The analysis of the primary hierarchical composite outcome resulted in significantly more wins for dapagliflozin than for placebo (win ratio, 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20 to 1.50; P<0.001). The win ratio outcome, which was adopted in a change of analysis during trial performance because of low event accrual, was mainly driven by the added cardiometabolic outcomes. The composite of time to cardiovascular death/hospitalization for heart failure occurred in 50/2019 (2.5%) patients assigned to dapagliflozin and 52/1998 (2.6%) patients assigned to placebo (hazard ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.64 to 1.40). The rates of other cardiovascular events were low, with differences between the groups not reaching nominal statistical significance. No safety concerns were identified. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute MI as noted above, after approximately 1 year of treatment with dapagliflozin there were significant benefits with regard to improvement in cardiometabolic outcomes but no impact on the composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure compared with placebo. (Funded by AstraZeneca; ClinicalTrial.gov number, NCT04564742.)

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Benzhydryl Compounds*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / drug therapy
  • Glucosides*
  • Heart Failure* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Infarction* / drug therapy
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors* / therapeutic use


  • dapagliflozin
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Glucosides

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT04564742