Re-irradiation of a Classic Kaposi's Sarcoma Using Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy

Cureus. 2024 Jan 7;16(1):e51782. doi: 10.7759/cureus.51782. eCollection 2024 Jan.


A black male in his 60s diagnosed with classic Kaposi's sarcoma presented with multiple cutaneous nodules and edema of the right foot and lower leg. He was initially treated with alitretinoin 1% topical treatment. However, 16 months after treatment with the alitretinoin, the skin lesions progressed, and he subsequently underwent a course of radiation therapy to a total dose of 2000 centigrays (cGy) in five fractions to his right foot and lower extremities. Approximately 1.5 years after the radiation therapy was completed, multiple new lesions developed on the right foot and distal lower leg. He then underwent a course of re-irradiation to this area using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) to a total dose of 3300 cGy in 11 fractions. At a four-week follow-up visit, the skin lesions had completely resolved; however, the patient experienced mild edema and tenderness of the right foot and lower leg. Although long-term outcomes need to be followed, re-irradiation showed positive short-term outcomes for classic Kaposi's sarcoma.

Keywords: clinical dermatology; kaposi sarcoma hiv negative; radiation and clinical oncology; re-irradiation; volumetric-modulated arc therapy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports