Progress of Ginsenoside Rb1 in neurological disorders

Front Pharmacol. 2024 Jan 24:15:1280792. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2024.1280792. eCollection 2024.

Abstract

Ginseng is frequently used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat neurological disorders. The primary active component of ginseng is ginsenoside, which has been classified into more than 110 types based on their chemical structures. Ginsenoside Rb1 (GsRb1)-a protopanaxadiol saponin and a typical ginseng component-exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-autophagy properties in the nervous system. Neurological disorders remain a leading cause of death and disability globally. GsRb1 effectively treats neurological disorders. To contribute novel insights to the understanding and treatment of neurological disorders, we present a comprehensive review of the pharmacokinetics, actions, mechanisms, and research development of GsRb1 in neurological disorders.

Keywords: Ginsenoside Rb1; actions; mechanisms; neurological disorders; pharmacokinetics.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

The author(s) declare financial support was received for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (82201902), Zhejiang Province Medical and Health Science and Technology Program (2023RC048), and Wenzhou Science and Technology Plan Project (Y20210008).