Endothelial IL17RD promotes Western diet-induced aortic myeloid cell infiltration

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2024 Mar 15:701:149552. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2024.149552. Epub 2024 Jan 18.


The Interleukin-17 (IL17) family is a group of cytokines implicated in the etiology of several inflammatory diseases. Interleukin-17 receptor D (IL17RD), also known as Sef (similar expression to fibroblast growth factor) belonging to the family of IL17 receptors, has been shown to modulate IL17A-associated inflammatory phenotypes. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that IL17RD promotes endothelial cell activation and consequent leukocyte adhesion. We utilized primary human aortic endothelial cells and demonstrated that RNAi targeting of IL17RD suppressed transcript levels by 83 % compared to non-targeted controls. Further, RNAi knockdown of IL17RD decreased the adhesion of THP-1 monocytic cells onto a monolayer of aortic endothelial cells in response to IL17A. Additionally, we determined that IL17A did not significantly enhance the activation of canonical MAPK and NFκB pathways in endothelial cells, and further did not significantly affect the expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in aortic endothelial cells, which is contrary to previous findings. We also determined the functional relevance of our findings in vivo by comparing the expression of endothelial VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and leukocyte infiltration in the aorta in Western diet-fed Il17rd null versus wild-type mice. Our results showed that although Il17rd null mice do not have significant alteration in aortic expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in endothelial cells, they exhibit decreased accumulation of proinflammatory monocytes and neutrophils, suggesting that endothelial IL17RD induced in vivo myeloid cell accumulation is not dependent on upregulation of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression. We further performed proteomics analysis to identify potential molecular mediators of the IL17A/IL17RD signaling axis. Collectively, our results underscore a critical role for Il17rd in the regulation of aortic myeloid cell infiltration in the context of Western diet feeding.

Keywords: Endothelial cells; Interleukin-17 receptor D (IL17RD); Interleukin-17A; Myeloid cells; Signal transduction.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta / metabolism
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Diet, Western
  • Endothelial Cells* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Myeloid Cells / metabolism
  • Receptors, Interleukin / metabolism
  • Receptors, Interleukin-17 / genetics
  • Receptors, Interleukin-17 / metabolism
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism


  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Receptors, Interleukin-17
  • IL17RD protein, human
  • Receptors, Interleukin