Mouse Round Spermatid Injection

J Vis Exp. 2024 Jan 26:(203). doi: 10.3791/65898.


Round spermatids, characterized by their haploid genetic content, represent the precursor cells to mature spermatozoa. Through the innovative technique of round spermatid injection (ROSI), oocytes can be successfully fertilized and developed into viable fetuses. In a groundbreaking milestone achieved in 1995, the first mouse fetus was born through ROSI technology. ROSI has since emerged as a pivotal tool for unraveling the intricate mechanisms governing embryonic development and holds significant potential in various applications, including the acceleration of mouse generation and the production of genetically modified mice. In 1996, a milestone was reached when the first human fetus was born through ROSI technology. However, the clinical applications of this method have shown a fluctuating pattern of success and failure. To date, ROSI technology has not found widespread application in clinical practice, primarily due to its low birth efficiency and insufficient validation of fetal safety. This article provides a comprehensive account of the precise methods of performing ROSI in mice, aiming to shed new light on basic research and its potential clinical applications.

Publication types

  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Embryonic Development
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Oocytes
  • Pregnancy
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic* / methods
  • Spermatids*
  • Spermatozoa