Clinical practice guideline on the management of vestibular schwannoma

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed). 2024 Mar-Apr;75(2):108-128. doi: 10.1016/j.otoeng.2023.10.005. Epub 2024 Feb 10.


Introduction: Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is the most common tumour of the cerebellopontine angle. The greater accessibility to radiological tests has increased its diagnosis. Taking into account the characteristics of the tumour, the symptoms and the age of the patient, three therapeutic strategies have been proposed: observation, surgery or radiotherapy. Choosing the most appropriate for each patient is a frequent source of controversy.

Material and methods: This paper includes an exhaustive literature review of issues related to VS that can serve as a clinical guide in the management of patients with these lesions. The presentation has been oriented in the form of questions that the clinician usually asks himself and the answers have been written and/or reviewed by a panel of national and international experts consulted by the Otology Commission of the SEORL-CCC.

Results: A list has been compiled containing the 13 most controversial thematic blocks on the management of VS in the form of 50 questions, and answers to all of them have been sought through a systematic literature review (articles published on PubMed and Cochrane Library between 1992 and 2023 related to each thematic area). Thirty-three experts, led by the Otology Committee of SEORL-CCC, have analyzed and discussed all the answers. In Annex 1, 14 additional questions divided into 4 thematic areas can be found.

Conclusions: This clinical practice guideline on the management of VS offers agreed answers to the most common questions that are asked about this tumour. The absence of sufficient prospective studies means that the levels of evidence on the subject are generally medium or low. This fact increases the interest of this type of clinical practice guidelines prepared by experts.

Keywords: Acoustic neuroma; Acúfeno; Hearing loss; Hipoacusia; Magnetic resonance imaging; Microcirugía; Microsurgery; Neurinoma del acústico; Neurofibromatosis tipo 2; Neurofibromatosis type 2; Radioterapia; Radiotherapy; Resonancia nuclear magnética; Schwannoma vestibular; Tinnitus; Vestibular schwannoma.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Microsurgery
  • Neuroma, Acoustic* / diagnosis
  • Neuroma, Acoustic* / therapy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiosurgery*