Necrotizing fasciitis - two case reports and literature review

Pol Przegl Chir. 2023 Nov 24;96(0):103-108. doi: 10.5604/01.3001.0053.9501.


<b><br>Introduction:</b> Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare, rapidly progressing infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. NF can lead to massive tissue necrosis, resulting in sepsis, septic shock and death. In this disease, it is important to quickly diagnose and implement appropriate treatment.</br> <b><br>Aim:</b> Analysis of the diagnostic and therapeutic process in two clinical cases and a review of the literature on the methods of diagnosis and treatment of necrotizing fasciitis.</br> <b><br>Material and methods:</b> The medical data of two patients hospitalized in the St Alexander Hospital in Kielce from December 2022 to June 2023 due to necrotizing fasciitis were analyzed. Also literature search across PubMed, Medline and Research Gate databases from 2000 up to 2023 was performed. We reviewed English literature according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The following keywords were used: necrotizing fasciitis, etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology, management.</br> <b><br>Results:</b> The research group consisted of two male patients with NF after trauma, in different parts of the body. Based on the clinical examination, the results of laboratory and imaging tests, a diagnosis was made and appropriate treatment was initiated. Despite the applied treatment, one patient died as a result of progressive multiple organ failure.</br> <b><br>Conclusions:</b> Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment, including universal access to antibiotics, necrotizing fasciitis still cause high mortality. The microbiological complexity of the majority of cases and non-specific symptoms make the diagnostic and therapeutic process difficult. Taking into account necrotizing fasciitis each time in the differential diagnosis of inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, especially based on trauma, will allow to reduce morbidity and mortality in this disease.</br&gt.

Keywords: debridement; management; necrotizing fasciitis.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Debridement
  • Fasciitis, Necrotizing* / diagnosis
  • Fasciitis, Necrotizing* / microbiology
  • Fasciitis, Necrotizing* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Shock, Septic*