Reactive oxygen species signaling in melatonin-mediated plant stress response

Plant Physiol Biochem. 2024 Feb:207:108398. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2024.108398. Epub 2024 Jan 24.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are crucial signaling molecules in plants that play multifarious roles in prompt response to environmental stimuli. Despite the classical thoughts that ROS are toxic when accumulate in excess, recent advances in plant ROS signaling biology reveal that ROS participate in biotic and abiotic stress perception, signal integration, and stress-response network activation, hence contributing to plant defense and stress tolerance. ROS production, scavenging and transport are fine-tuned by plant hormones and stress-response signaling pathways. Crucially, the emerging plant hormone melatonin attenuates excessive ROS accumulation under stress, whereas ROS signaling mediates melatonin-induced plant developmental response and stress tolerance. In particular, RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE HOMOLOG (RBOH) proteins responsible for apoplastic ROS generation act downstream of melatonin to mediate stress response. In this review, we discuss promising developments in plant ROS signaling and how ROS might mediate melatonin-induced plant resilience to environmental stress.

Keywords: Antioxidant; H(2)O(2); NADPH oxidase; Oxidative stress; Phytomelatonin; RBOH; ROS; Stress tolerance.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Melatonin* / pharmacology
  • Plant Development
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Plants / metabolism
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Stress, Physiological


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Melatonin
  • Plant Growth Regulators