Lateral root primordium: Formation, influencing factors and regulation

Plant Physiol Biochem. 2024 Feb:207:108429. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2024.108429. Epub 2024 Feb 6.


Roots are the primary determinants of water and nutrient uptake by plants. The structure of roots is largely determined by the repeated formation of new lateral roots (LR). A new lateral root primordium (LRP) is formed between the beginning and appearance of LR, which defines the organization and function of LR. Therefore, proper LRP morphogenesis is a crucial process for lateral root formation. The development of LRP is regulated by multiple factors, including hormone and environmental signals. Roots integrate signals and regulate growth and development. At the molecular level, many genes regulate the growth and development of root organs to ensure stable development plans, while also being influenced by various environmental factors. To gain a better understanding of the LRP formation and its influencing factors, this study summarizes previous research. The cell cycle involved in LRP formation, as well as the roles of ROS, auxin, other auxin-related plant hormones, and genetic regulation, are discussed in detail. Additionally, the effects of gravity, mechanical stress, and cell death on LRP formation are explored. Throughout the text unanswered or poorly understood questions are identified to guide future research in this area.

Keywords: Apoptosis; Auxin; Lateral root primordium; Root development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis Proteins* / genetics
  • Arabidopsis* / genetics
  • Biological Transport
  • Cell Division
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Plant Roots / metabolism


  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Arabidopsis Proteins