The effect of deep brain stimulation on lower extremity dexterity in people with Parkinson's disease

Disabil Rehabil. 2024 Feb 20:1-6. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2024.2317997. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on lower extremity dexterity in people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) and to investigate the relationship between this effect and the effect of DBS on measures of different walking characteristics, and other features of Parkinson's disease.

Materials and methods: Thirty-six PwPD were included. Assessment was performed twice with DBS "on" and DBS "off" state.

Results: The LEDT scores of both extremities, the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale-motor section (UPDRS-III), the 10-Meter Walk Test (TMWT), the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), the Figure-of-Eight Walk Test (FEWT), and the Three-Meter Backward Walk Test (TMBWT) scores were significantly better in "on" DBS condition than "off" DBS condition. The effect of DBS on lower extremity dexterity is related to age and levodopa equivalent daily dosage (LEDD). The effect of DBS on lower extremity dexterity and the effect of DBS on the bradykinesia, TUG, the FEWT, and the TMBWT were also related.

Conclusions: DBS has a positive effect on lower extremity dexterity. Clinical characteristics such as age and LEDD and the effect of DBS on bradykinesia, walking with turning, curved walking, and backward walking is related with the effect of DBS on lower extremity dexterity.

Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; deep brain stimulation; lower extremity dexterity; lower extremity function; walking.

Plain language summary

The age and levodopa equivalent daily dosage values of the patients should be considered when examining lower extremity dexterity in people with Parkinson’s disease who have undergone deep brain stimulation (DBS).It may be beneficial to apply exercises to improve lower extremity dexterity for patients whose symptoms of bradykinesia do not progress as expected after DBS.Applying exercises to improve lower extremity dexterity may also be beneficial for patients who have complex walking deficits after DBS.