Recent updates on laboratory diagnosis of rabies

Indian J Med Res. 2024 Jan 1;159(1):48-61. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_131_23. Epub 2024 Mar 4.


Rabies is a lethal viral disease transmitted through the bite of rabid animals. India has a high burden of rabies, contributing to a significant proportion of the global deaths. However, under-reporting of the disease is prevalent due to lack of laboratory confirmation. Laboratory diagnosis of rabies plays a crucial role in differentiating the disease from clinical mimics, initiation of appropriate care, implementing infection control measures and informing disease surveillance. This review provides an overview of the recent advancements in laboratory diagnosis of rabies, aimed at updating physicians involved in diagnosis and management of rabies cases in India.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bites and Stings*
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • India / epidemiology
  • Laboratories
  • Rabies virus*
  • Rabies* / diagnosis
  • Rabies* / epidemiology