Tissue-Resident Memory T Cells in Allergy

Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2024 Feb;66(1):64-75. doi: 10.1007/s12016-024-08982-8. Epub 2024 Feb 21.


Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells constitute a distinct subset within the memory T cell population, serving as the vanguard against invading pathogens and antigens in peripheral non-lymphoid tissues, including the respiratory tract, intestines, and skin. Notably, TRM cells adapt to the specific microenvironment of each tissue, predominantly maintaining a sessile state with distinctive phenotypic and functional attributes. Their role is to ensure continuous immunological surveillance and protection. Recent findings have highlighted the pivotal contribution of TRM cells to the modulation of adaptive immune responses in allergic disorders such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, and dermatitis. A comprehensive understanding of the involvement of TRM cells in allergic diseases bears profound implications for allergy prevention and treatment. This review comprehensively explores the phenotypic characteristics, developmental mechanisms, and functional roles of TRM cells, focusing on their intricate relationship with allergic diseases.

Keywords: Allergic diseases; Development; Function; Phenotype; Tissue-resident memory T cells.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity*
  • Immunologic Memory
  • Memory T Cells*
  • Skin