Demographic, Etiological, and Clinical Characteristics of Eyelid Lacerations

Turk J Ophthalmol. 2024 Feb 22;54(1):17-22. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2023.05684.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the demographic, etiological, and accompanying clinical factors in eyelid lacerations (EL).

Materials and methods: The records of patients who presented to our clinic between 2018 and 2022 with eyelid trauma were retrospectively reviewed. Age, gender, cause of injury, clinical findings, accompanying ocular findings, and additional complications were analyzed.

Results: The study included 135 patients (106 male, 29 female) with a mean age of 37.0±18.6 years. Among the patients, 29 (21.4%) were 18 years old or younger, 93 (68.8%) were between 19 and 64 years old, and 13 (9.6%) were 65 years old or older. EL were most caused by various sharp objects in 44 patients (33%), blunt trauma in 40 patients (30%), falls in 30 patients (22%), and traffic accidents in 21 patients (15%). Fifteen eyes (11.1%) had foreign bodies at the wound site. Thirty patients (22.2%) (20 lower eyelid, 10 upper eyelid) had accompanying canalicular lacerations. Twenty-three (17%) patients had accompanying conjunctival lacerations, 14 (10.3%) had open-globe injury, 10 (7.4%) had corneal epithelial defects, 9 (6.6%) had intravitreal hemorrhage, 6 (4.4%) had hyphema, and 5 (3.7%) had retinal detachment. Four patients had lid notching and 1 patient (0.7%) had ectropion. Five patients (3.7%) required suturing. No additional complications were observed.

Conclusion: EL are more commonly seen in young adulthood and in males. The most common mechanism of injury is impact by various objects. Eyelash margin and canalicular lacerations frequently accompany these injuries. Serious ocular pathologies such as hyphema and open-globe injury can accompany eyelid trauma.

Keywords: Eyelid trauma; complications; epidemiology.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Demography
  • Eye Injuries* / complications
  • Eye Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Eye Injuries* / epidemiology
  • Eyelids
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyphema / complications
  • Lacerations* / diagnosis
  • Lacerations* / epidemiology
  • Lacerations* / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult