Identification and molecular mapping of a major gene conferring resistance to Phytophthora sansomeana in soybean 'Colfax'

Theor Appl Genet. 2024 Feb 22;137(3):55. doi: 10.1007/s00122-024-04556-6.


The first single dominant resistance gene contributing major resistance to the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sansomeana was identified and mapped from soybean 'Colfax'. Phytophthora root rot (PRR) is one of the most important diseases in soybean (Glycine max). PRR is well known to be caused by Phytophthora sojae, but recent studies showed that P. sansomeana also causes extensive root rot of soybean. Depending upon the isolate, it might produce aggressive symptoms, especially in seeds and seedlings. Unlike P. sojae which can be effectively managed by Rps genes, no known major resistance genes have yet been reported for P. sansomeana. Our previous study screened 470 soybean germplasm lines for resistance to P. sansomeana and found that soybean 'Colfax' (PI 573008) carries major resistance to the pathogen. In this study, we crossed 'Colfax' with a susceptible parent, 'Senaki', and developed three mapping populations with a total of 234 F2:3 families. Inheritance pattern analysis indicated a 1:2:1 ratio for resistant: segregating: susceptible lines among all the three populations, indicating a single dominant gene conferring the resistance in 'Colfax' (designated as Rpsan1). Linkage analysis using extreme phenotypes anchored Rpsan1 to a 30 Mb region on chromosome 3. By selecting nine polymorphic SNP markers within the region, Rpsan1 was genetically delimited into a 21.3 cM region between Gm03_4487138_A_C and Gm03_5451606_A_C, which corresponds to a 1.06 Mb genomic region containing nine NBS-LRR genes based on Gmax2.0 assembly. The mapping results were then validated using two breeding populations derived from 'E12076T-03' × 'Colfax' and 'E16099' × 'Colfax'. Marker-assisted resistance spectrum analyses with 9 additional isolates of P. sansomeana indicated that Rpsan1 may be effective towards a broader range of P. sansomeana isolates and has strong merit in protecting soybean to this pathogen in the future.

MeSH terms

  • Genes, Dominant
  • Genomics
  • Glycine max* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Phytophthora*
  • Plant Breeding