Efficacy of hypofractionated Gamma Knife radiosurgery in treating surgical beds of metastatic brain tumors

J Clin Neurosci. 2024 Mar:121:105-113. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2024.02.020. Epub 2024 Feb 21.


Objective: Surgery alone for metastatic brain tumors (METs) often results in local recurrence due to microscopic residual tumor tissue. While stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is commonly used post-surgery, hypofractionation may be required for large surgical beds. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated Gamma Knife radiosurgery (hf-GKRS) for the first time as a post-operative adjuvant therapy.

Methods: This retrospective study involved 24 patients (28 surgical beds) who underwent hf-GKRS within four weeks after surgery. The study primarily focused on local control (LC) rate and analyzed distant intracranial failure (DICF), intracranial progression-free survival (PFS), leptomeningeal disease (LMD), overall survival (OS), and radiation necrosis (RN).

Results: During a median follow-up of 9 months, LC was achieved in 89.3 % of surgical beds. LC estimates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 96.4 %, 82.7 %, and 82.7 %, respectively. DICF was observed in 45.8 % of patients, and LMD was identified in two patients (8.3 %). At the end of the follow-up, 58.3 % of patients were alive, and the median OS was 20 months. RN occurred in only one surgical bed (3.6 %). No grade 5 toxicity was observed. The univariate analysis identified a longer interval to GKRS (HR 11.842, p = 0.042) and a larger treatment volume (HR 1.103, p = 0.037) as significant factors for local failure.

Conclusions: hf-GKRS shows potential as an effective and safe adjuvant treatment for surgical beds. It offers an alternative to SRS, SRT, or WBRT, particularly for larger volumes or tumors near critical structures. Further research is needed to confirm these results and optimize treatment approaches.

Keywords: Gamma Knife radiosurgery; Hypofractionated; Metastatic brain tumors; Surgical bed.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms* / radiotherapy
  • Brain Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Progression-Free Survival
  • Radiosurgery* / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome