Negative impact of comorbidities on all-cause mortality of patients with psoriasis is partially alleviated by biologic treatment: A real-world case-control study

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2024 Jul;91(1):43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2024.01.078. Epub 2024 Feb 20.

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular comorbidities are believed to cause higher mortality in psoriasis patients. Conversely, systemic therapy may improve overall survival.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of different comorbidities and therapy on mortality risk of psoriasis patients in the entire population of Alberta, Canada (population 4.37 million).

Methods: Cohorts of psoriasis cases (n = 18,618) and controls (ambulatory patients matched 1:3 by age and sex) were retrieved from Alberta Health Services Data Repository of Reporting database within the period 2012 to 2019. Cases were stratified according to Charlson Comorbidity Index, and the type of therapy.

Results: Mortality in psoriasis cohort was significantly higher than in the controls (median age of death 72.0 years vs 74.4 years, respectively). Charlson Comorbidity Index and comorbidities were strong predictors of mortality, in particular drug induced liver injury (hazard ratio 1.8, affective bipolar disease, hazard ratio 1.6, and major cardiovascular diseases. Mortality was lower in patients treated with biologics (hazard ratio 0.54).

Limitations: Some factors (psoriasis type and severity, response to treatment, smoking, alcohol intake) could not be measured.

Conclusions: Hepatic injury, psychiatric affective disorders and cardiovascular disease were major determinants of overall survival in psoriasis. Biologic therapy was associated with a reduced mortality risk.

Keywords: biologic; bipolar disorder; cardiovascular disease; comorbidities; drug induced liver injury; methotrexate; mortality; psoriasis; real-world evidence.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alberta / epidemiology
  • Biological Products* / adverse effects
  • Biological Products* / therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cause of Death
  • Comorbidity*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psoriasis* / drug therapy
  • Psoriasis* / mortality

Substances

  • Biological Products